The Baroid Analytical Laboratory Group in Houston performs various types of instrumental and wet-chemical analyses. The types of analytical equipment located in the lab and typical analytical applications are shown below.
X-Ray Diffractometer: The X-Ray Diffractometer helps determine the mineral composition of cores and cuttings, identify scales and corrosion by-products, detect impurities in products, and determine the composition of ores.
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer: This apparatus is used to determine the elemental components in barites, clays, brines, non-crystalline materials, scales, and corrosion by-products and ore assays.
Scanning Electron Microscope with Energy Dispersive Spectroscope: The Scanning Electron Microscope provides measurement of pore sizes in cores, identifies the location of clays in cores, determines causes of metal failure, characterizes particle sizes and shapes, and identifies corrosion.
Gas Chromatography with Mass Selective Detector: The Gas Chromatograph is used for the determination of crude oil contamination in synthetic muds, base oil finger-printing, identification of volatile organic components of products and drilling fluids.
Infrared Spectrometer: This test is performed to identify polymer, surfactant, and emulsifier content, and to determine sludge composition.
Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma Spectrometer: This test is used to determine the presence of heavy metals in barites, clays, and soil samples, and to identify trace elements in brines, effluents, mud filtrates, acid leachates, and production discharges.
Ion Chromatograph: The Ion Chromatograph is used to determine anion in brines, make-up waters, effluents, and discharges, and anion composition in water leachates from solid products, soils, and ores.
Laser Diffraction Particle Size Analyzer: The Laser Diffraction Particle Size Analyzer provides grind size analysis of barite, limestone, and hematite, and determination of particle size distribution in drilling fluids and brines.
High Performance Liquid and Gel Permeation Chromatograph: This specialized chromatograph identifies and quantifies non-volatile organic components such as surfactants, emulsifiers, rheology modifiers, and filtration control agents.
Optical Microscope: The optical microscope helps determine the size and shape of sands and ground products and helps with micro-fracture identification.
Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer: The Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer determines sample weight loss with increase in temperature, moisture content on small sample volumes, and distillation ranges of base oils.
Differential Scanning Calorimeter: The Differential Scanning Calorimeter helps determine exothermic and endothermic reactions of samples with increase in temperature and characterization of polymers and clays.
Flash and Fire Point Tester: This apparatus is used to determine the flash point of base oils, diesel oils, crude oils, oil-base mud, products, and solvents.
Mercury Analyzer: The mercury analyzer determines the mercury content in weight materials, clays, reserve pit water, and waste water. In addition, the Baroid Analytical Laboratory is capable of performing many classical gravimetric and volumetric wet chemical analyses, Kjeldahl Nitrogen analysis, and aniline point determination.