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Opportunity

Heavy Oil

Opportunity
Specific Challenge

Recover heavy oil trapped in soft sand formation

REGION - Canada REGION - Canada

Canada

REGION - Canada

Challenge

  • Recover heavy oil trapped in soft sand formation
  • Optimize placement of two horizontal wells (injector and producer)
  • Avoid waste from steam injection process
  • Understand local vertical permeability variations

Solution

StrataStar™ deep azimuthal resistivity service, featuring:

  • Electromagnetic propagation signal for measuring wellbore resistivity while drilling
  • Advanced inversion processing
  • High-resolution resistivity mapping

Result

  • Verified StrataStar service performance in SAGD reservoir
  • Demonstrated the value of high-resolution reservoir mapping for tailored steam injection design to minimize waste
  • Increased understanding of geology surrounding the injector-producer well pair

Overview

Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) production design allows for the recovery of heavy oil trapped in sandstone formations. It requires a pair of horizontal wells with a slight vertical separation. Steam injected from the injector well lowers the bitumen viscosity, so it flows down toward the producer well below.

Challenge

Vertical permeability is a critical parameter that impacts the effectiveness of the SAGD recovery process. Layered shale lenses and mudstone breccias from past riverbanks occur within the Canadian sandstone formation. However, their location remains unknown until penetrated while drilling the well, and even then, geologists can have difficulty estimating their vertical extension. These natural steam barriers affect bitumen recovery because they prevent the chamber from developing around the wells, leading to a lower return on investment.

16 sec

sampling rate

500

ft per hour ROP

2,300

ft horizontal section

Solution

The Halliburton Sperry Drilling StrataStar™ deep azimuthal resistivity service was recommended for this application as a field trial of the new service. This innovative technology uses an oriented electromagnetic propagation signal to measure the resistivity up to 30 feet (±9 meters) all around the borehole while drilling. Combined with advanced inversion processing, it delivers a high-resolution resistivity map, revealing structural features and fluid distribution along the well to drive optimal well placement.

The StrataStar service was implemented in a pair of horizontal injector-producer wells to verify the resistivity mapping accuracy. The 2,300-foot-long (701-meter-long) producer was drilled first, followed by the injector three weeks later. The high-resolution mapping service was run while drilling both wells, with its fastest sampling rate of 16 seconds to accommodate the 500 foot/hour (152 meters/hour) average rate of penetration (ROP). The two StrataStar datasets were processed independently, revealing the high and low resistivity zones at 16.5 to 19.7 feet (5 to 6 meters) above and below each well.

iStar™ Drilling and Logging Platform

StrataStar™ Deep Azimuthal Resistivity Service

Multilayer mapping for precise well placement

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