Increase completion fluid unload rate via a well test at 14 bbl/min
Following a successful first season of wells on Prelude using a conventional unload and clean up approach, Shell Australia recognized that an increase in the completion fluid unload rate could improve the mobility of completion fluids, perforating debris, and other solids along the horizontal hole sections ultimately improving the performance of the wells once producing to the FLNG vessel.
Shell Australia desired an engineered solution to increase completion fluid unload rate without introducing any significant additional costs. The parameters for the design included:
Halliburton engineered a bespoke solution, utilising a hydraulic choke, modified knock out pot and high pressure manifold. The unload system was tied back into the well test liquid handling system, so that existing pumping and storage equipment could be used. The utilisation of equipment in this manner is unconventional, and a detailed engineering study was performed by Halliburton to verify its suitability. A robust safety system was developed and installed to protect the low pressure equipment against numerous hazards, most notably early gas production.
HAZOP and HAZID studies were then performed on the system by Shell Australia and Halliburton and the system was approved by the independent validator with support from both companies.
Minutes of rig-time saved per well
Hours of rig-time saved
bbls additional base oil recovered
The performance of the system exceeded all expectations, and a steady 14 bbl/m (20,160 bbl/d) unload rate throughout the four wells in the second season was achieved, with peaks of 16 bbl/m (23,040 bbl/d). Improved solids mobility was evident during the clean ups, as the produced quantity of debris was noticeably increased compared to the first season wells. A marked improvement in completion fluid recovery and retention was also achieved.
The benefit of this high rate unload was that gas-to-surface was achieved extremely quickly, saving around 100 minutes of rig time each well. The long term advantage of this engineered solution was that the well was cleaned as effectively as possible and was left in a state which allows optimum well productivity.
Halliburton surface well testing (SWT) tools and solutions compile full and reliable data, enabling better reservoir evaluations and appraisals.
CALIBR® Flowback Services improve short and long-term well performance, reduce damage to the completion and formation, and increase production.